نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
A non-Muslim citizen is a member of the Muslim community, who despite holding non-Muslim beliefs has the right to participate actively in promoting the affairs of his community and enjoy individual, civil, political, social and religious rights. Based on the prior literature of jurisprudence, non-Muslims by accepting the treaty of ahl al-ḏhimmah can be citizens of the Islamic community and sponsored by the Islamic government. In Islamic law, restrictions are mentioned about the religious freedoms of non-Muslim citizens in an Islamic state, on the expression of religious rituals and promoting it, setting up a house of worship, repairing and renewing the ruined temples. In addition to explaining the religious rights of non-Muslim citizens, it strives to mention the above restrictions and explains the limitations of such laws that have been variable and the basis of all these constraints is interest.