عنوان مقاله [English]
Imam Mohammad Ghazali, who is one of the prominent figures of the Shafi‘i school, despite maintaining his adherence to the principles of the Shafi‘i School, disagrees with the head of his school on some fundamental issues. The most important of these are as follows: While Imam Shafi‘i considers the opposite concept as proof, Ghazali believes that it is not a proof and in fact, he believes that it does not make sense. On the subject of abrogation, Ghazali, like most Usulis, believes that it is possible for Qur’an to be abrogated by frequent Sunnah and Sunnah can be abrogated by the Qur'an as well, but Imam Shafi‘i believes that the Qur’an is abrogated by the Qur'an and Sunnah by the Sunnah. Another difference is in the proof of the words of the Companions, thus, according to the old saying of Imam Shafi‘i, the word of the Companions is a proof. Ghazali, on the other hand, does not consider the words of the Companions as a proof. Evaluating their ideas and arguments shows that in the above subjects, the preferred opinion is to consider the opposite concept as proof, the permission of abrogation of the Qur’an with Sunnah and the Sunnah with Qur'an, and the non-proof of the words of the Companions. There are jurisprudential works for each of these fundamental disagreements, which reflected in the views of Imam Shafi‘i and Imam Ghazali.